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Q. soron (sorn-) [þ] n. “eagle” (Category: Eagle, Hawk)

Q. soron (sorn-) [þ], n. “eagle” (Category: Eagle, Hawk)

The Quenya word for “eagle”, appearing in a number of compounds, derived from primitive ✶thorono and the root ᴹ√THOR(ON) “come swooping down” (PE22/159; Let/427; Ety/THOR; PE21/33). It had couple variants such as sorno (Let/427) and sorne (Ety/THOR), but consistently appeared as soron- in compounds. Its stem form isn’t entirely clear: its most common plural form was sorni (Ety/THOR; SD/290), which is the expected result from the Quenya syncope, but in one place it had the plural soroni and the presence of the variant sorne muddies the waters.

Conceptual Development: This word appeared as ᴱQ. sorne or sor (sorn-) “eagle” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s derived from the early root ᴱ√ŠORO² [ÞORO] (QL/86). The form sorn- “eagle” also appeared in the Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa where Tolkien indicated the primitive form was sorni- (PME/86). The form ᴱQ. soron appeared in Early Noldorin Word-lists of the 1920s as a cognate of ᴱN. thorn “eagle” (PE13/154), and Tolkien mostly stuck with that form thereafter, though he occasionally used variants like sorne and sorno as noted above.

In the Declension of Nouns from the early 1930s, Tolkien listed a large number of declined forms for ᴹQ. soron “eagle”, and those declensions used soron- (or sorun-) as their base. In The Etymologies of the 1930s, however, Tolkien gave plural sorni and genitive sornen indicating a stem form sorn-, but that document also gave sorne as an alternate form of soron “eagle”. Nevertheless, I think from the 1930s forward, it is more likely that Quenya syncope would have come into play in the declension of this word, so it would have plural sorni, dative sornen, ablative sornello, etc. The only noun case where the primitive stem would be preserved would be possessive soronwa.

References ✧ Let/427; PE22/159; SA/thoron

Glosses

Variations

Related

Inflections

soron prefix “eagle” ✧ SA/thoron

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

þorono > þorno > sorno [tʰorono] > [tʰorno] > [θorno] > [sorno] ✧ Let/427

ᴹQ. soron (sorn-) [þ] n. “eagle” (Category: Eagle, Hawk)

References ✧ Ety/THOR; PE21/33-34; SD/290

Glosses

Variations

Related

Changes

Inflections

[sor]ullo ablative; assimilated   ✧ PE21/34
soronullo ablative   ✧ PE21/34
sorona accusative   ✧ PE21/34
soronunta allative   ✧ PE21/34
sorunta allative; assimilated   ✧ PE21/34
soronar dative   ✧ PE21/34
soronen dative   ✧ PE21/34
sornen genitive   ✧ Ety/THOR
sorono genitive   ✧ PE21/34
sorunwen instrumental   ✧ PE21/34
soronesse locative   ✧ PE21/34
soron nominative “eagle” ✧ PE21/34
soronunt nominative dual   ✧ PE21/34
soronin nominative plural   ✧ PE21/34
sorulli nominative plural   ✧ PE21/34
Sorni plural “Eagles” ✧ SD/290
Soroni plural   ✧ SD/290
sorni plural   ✧ Ety/THOR
sorni plural “Eagles” ✧ SD/290
sorunwa possessive   ✧ PE21/34
soronundon similative   ✧ PE21/34
sorundon similative   ✧ PE21/34

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√THÓRON > sorne [tʰorone] > [tʰorne] > [θorne] > [sorne] ✧ Ety/THOR

ᴱQ. soron¹ n. “eagle” (Category: Eagle, Hawk)

Reference ✧ PE13/154 ✧ soron

Cognates


ᴱQ. sor(ne) (sorn-) n. “eagle” (Category: Eagle, Hawk)

References ✧ LT1A/Sorontur; PME/86; QL/86

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

sorn- stem “eagle” ✧ PME/86
sorn- stem   ✧ QL/86
sorni- stem   ✧ PME/86

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√ŠORO² > sorne [θorni] > [θorne] > [sorne] ✧ QL/86

ᴱQ. soron² n. “pinnacle, high peak, crag” (Category: Peak, Summit)

A word in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “a high peak, a pinnacle or crag” given as a derivative of ᴱ√ŠORO² [ÞORO] “eagle” (QL/86). It was glossed “pinnacle” in the Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa (PME/86). In later writings, Q. soron was a word for “eagle” itself as opposed to a place where eagles roosted.

References ✧ PME/86; QL/86

Glosses

Related

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√ŠORO² > soron [θoron] > [soron] ✧ QL/86