Q. #cuima n. “creature, animal” (Category: Animal)
A word for “animal” in Late Notes on Verb Structure (LVS) from 1969, appearing only in its plural form kuimar (PE22/155). It is clearly based on the root √KUY “live”, also appearing in the same document (PE22/156), hence probably meaning “*living thing”.
Conceptual Development: Perhaps the first precursor of this word was ᴱQ. koite (koisi-) “living thing, being, animal” from the early root ᴱ√KOẎO “have life” (QL/48). A similar form kuivar appeared for “animals” in some notes the Death of Animals and Plants from 1957-8, but there Tolkien said “cuy = awake not live” (NM/274 note #6), and replaced this term with Q. kelvar, which is the word for “animal” Christopher Tolkien used in the published version of The Silmarillion (S/45). By 1969 Tolkien decided √KUY did mean “live”, and (re)introduced a derivative of that root for “animal” (see above).
Neo-Quenya: For purposes of Neo-Eldarin, I prefer for √KUY to mean only “awake” and keep √KOY for “live”; see those entries for discussion. As such, I recommend against using cuima for “animal”, especially since Q. celva is a much better known term, being a word used in The Silmarillion as published.
References ✧ PE22/153, 155
References ✧ NM/274
|√cuy > cuivar||[kuiwar] > [kuiβar] > [kuivar]||✧ NM/274|
References ✧ LT1A/Koivië-néni; QL/48
|koisin||accusative; n-accusative||✧ QL/48|
|ᴱ√KOẎO > koite||[koðʲti] > [koðʲte] > [kojte] > [koite]||✧ QL/48|