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Q. hína n. “child” (Category: Child)

Q. hína, n. “child” (Category: Child)

A word for “child” derived from the root √KHIN (PE17/157; WJ/403), most notably an element in Eruhíni “Children of God”, a term for Elves and Men as the children of Eru. This word illustrates that hína has an abnormal plural form: híni rather than the expected **hínar. A variant hina with a short i was “only used in the vocative addressing a (young) child, especially in hinya (< hinanya) ‘my child’ (WJ/403)”.

Conceptual Development: The term Êruhîn “Children of God” first appeared as an Adûnaic word in the 1940s (SD/247-8, 358), later adapted as Quenya Eruhíni and Sindarin Eruchîn, which seems to be the source of Q. hína and S. hên “child”. At one point Tolkien coined masculine and feminine variants Q. hindo and Q. hindë, but they were deleted (PE17/157). Tolkien occasionally used an alternate Quenya form sén (MR/423; UT/274), perhaps out of a desire to have a Sindarin form Eruhîn that was closer to the original Adûnaic form; this variant continued to appear as late as 1969, where sén was written below Eruhíni as a variant form in Late Notes on Verbs (LVS: PE22/158).

References ✧ PE17/157; PE21/83; SA/híni; SI/Children of Ilúvatar; VT44/35; WJ/403

Glosses

Variations

Related

Changes

Inflections

hinanya 1st-sg-poss “my child” ✧ WJ/403
hinya 1st-sg-poss assimilated “my child” ✧ WJ/403
híniryannar 3rd-sg-poss allative plural “*to his children” ✧ VT44/35
hinin dative plural   ✧ VT44/35
hínin dative plural “*to children” ✧ VT44/35
Híni plural “children” ✧ PE21/83
Híni plural “Children” ✧ SI/Children of Ilúvatar
híni plural “children” ✧ SA/híni
hīn(i) plural   ✧ PE17/157
-híni plural suffix   ✧ WJ/403
-hin suffix   ✧ WJ/403

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

KHIN > hīn(i) [kʰīni] > [xīni] > [hīni] ✧ PE17/157
khīnā/khinā > hína [kʰīnā] > [xīnā] > [hīnā] > [hīna] ✧ WJ/403

Q. hindë n. “[unglossed]”

See Q. hína for discussion.

Reference ✧ PE17/157 ✧ hinde

Related

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

KHIN > hinde [kʰinde] > [xinde] > [hinde] ✧ PE17/157

Q. hindo n. “[unglossed]”

See Q. hína for discussion.

Reference ✧ PE17/157

Related

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

KHIN > hindo [kʰindo] > [xindo] > [hindo] ✧ PE17/157

Q. #sén n. “child” (Category: Child)

See Q. hína for discussion.

References ✧ MR/423

Inflections

sēni plural “children” ✧ MR/423

Element In