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Q. váya n. “ocean, sea” (Category: Sea)

Q. váya, n. “ocean, [stormy] sea” (Category: Sea)

A word in Quenya Notes (QN) from 1957 that Tolkien described as “used of sea (as waters, motion)”, a derivative of √WAYA “blow, or be disturbed” (PE17/33). This note was crossed through, but a similar note appeared afterwards with a (archaic?) word waya “ocean” (PE17/34).

Conceptual Development: In the earliest Lost Tales, Tolkien had ᴱQ. Vai “Outer Ocean” (LT1/85), a word that also appeared in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s as a derivative of ᴱ√VAẎA “enfold, wind about” (QL/100). The word ᴱQ. vea “sea” appeared in a number of poems Tolkien wrote in the late 1920s (MC/213-214, 216, 220; numerous references in PE16). ᴹQ. vea “sea” also appeared in the Declension of Nouns from the early 1930s as a derivative of ᴹ✶vaı̯ā (PE21/8, 17), and as an element in the name ᴹQ. Veaneldar “Sea-elves” from the 1930s and possibly Q. Vëantur, a name in later writings for a ship captain in Númenor (UT/171).

In Silmarillion drafts of the 1930s Tolkien used ᴹQ. Vaiya for “Enfolding Ocean” (SM/236) or “Outer Sea” (LR/209). This word was mentioned in The Etymologies as wai(y)a/vai(y)a “envelope” that was used “especially of the Outer Sea or Air enfolding the world within the Ilurambar”, a derivative of ᴹ√WAY “enfold” (Ety/WAY). In the Ambarkanta of early 1930s Tolkien likewise said that the ordinary meaning vaiya was “fold, envelope”, meaning “Outer Sea” when used as a proper name (SM/241). In Quenya Notes (QN) from 1957, the similar word váya/waya was given a new etymology from the root √WAYA “blow” rather than “enfold” as noted above, along with other derivatives having to do with “wind” (PE17/33-34).

Neo-Quenya: For purposes of Neo-Quenya, I think the form váya is the best form, and given its derivation from the root for “wind”, I think it refers mainly to rough or stormy seas. The name Vëantur may contained a reduced form of this word.

References ✧ PE17/33-34

Glosses

Variations

Related

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

WAYA > váya [wāja] > [βāja] > [vāja] ✧ PE17/33
WAYA > waya [wāja] > [βāja] > [vāja] ✧ PE17/34

ᴹQ. vea² n. “sea” (Category: Sea)

See Q. váya for discussion.

References ✧ PE21/8, 17

Glosses

Element In

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶vaı̯ā > vea [vajā] > [vea] ✧ PE21/17

ᴱQ. vea² n. “sea” (Category: Sea)

See Q. váya for discussion.

References ✧ MC/213-214, 216, 220; PE16/56-57, 60, 62, 72, 74, 77, 100, 104, 138

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

vear locative; r-locative “in the sea” ✧ MC/213
veasse locative “of the sea” ✧ MC/220
veasse locative   ✧ PE16/56; PE16/57; PE16/60; PE16/60; PE16/74
veasse locative “in the ... sea” ✧ PE16/62
veässe locative   ✧ PE16/72
Vean nominative “sea” ✧ MC/220
vean nominative   ✧ PE16/57; PE16/60; PE16/74; PE16/77
vean nominative “sea” ✧ PE16/62
veän nominative   ✧ PE16/72

Element In

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Derivations