S. Imladris* loc.* “Rivendell, (lit.) Deep Dale of the Cleft”

- S. Imladris,
*loc.*“Rivendell, (lit.) Deep Dale of the Cleft”

Sindarin name of Rivendell (LotR/657), a combination of *imlad* “deep valley” and *riss* “cleft” (PE17/87), so literally “Deep Dale of the Cleft” (RC/482).

**Conceptual Development:** In *Lord of the Rings* drafts from the 1940s, this name first appeared as N. *Imlad-ril* (rejected) >> *Imladrist* (TI/120), but was soon revised to *Imladris* (TI/146), a form that also appeared in *The Etymologies* with essentially the same derivation as given above (Ety/RIS²).

__References__ ✧ LotR/657, 1134; LotRI; PE17/87; PM/44; PMI; RC/774; RGEO/62; S/288; SA/lad, ris; SI; UTI; VT47/14

__Glosses__

- “Canyon of the Cleft” ✧ VT47/14
- “Deep Dale of the Cleft” ✧ RC/774 (Imlad-ris(t))
- “Rivendell” ✧ LotR/657; LotR/1134; LotRI/Imladris; PM/44; PMI/Imladris; S/288; UTI/Imladris
- “Rivendell, (lit.) Deep Dale of the Cleft” ✧ SI/Imladris

__Variations__

- Imladris ✧ LotR/657; LotR/1134; LotRI/Imladris; PE17/87; PM/44 (ᴸN. Imladris); PMI/Imladris; RGEO/62; S/288; SA/lad; SA/ris; SI/Imladris; UTI/Imladris; VT47/14
- Imlad-ris(t) ✧ RC/774

__Elements__

imlad | “deep valley, narrow valley with steep sides, gap, gully” | ✧ PE17/87; SA/lad; VT47/14 | |

riss | “cleft, cloven, separate; cleft” | ✧ PE17/87 | |

√RIS | “cut, cleave” | ✧ SA/ris |

__Element In__

- S. Aerlinn in Edhil o Imladris “*Holy Song of the Elves of Rivendell” ✧ RGEO/62

__Cognates__

- Wes. Karningul “Rivendell” ✧ LotR/1134; PM/44 (Carbandur); PMI/Imladris

N. Imladris(t)* loc.* “Rivendell”

See S. Imladris for discussion.

__References__ ✧ Ety/RIS²; LRI/Imladris(t); PE22/127; PM/44; PMI/Imladris; TI/120, 124, 128, 146; TII/Imladris; WRI

__Glosses__

- “Rivendell” ✧ LRI/Imladris(t); TI/120 (Imlad-rist); TI/124 (Imladrist); TI/128 (Imladrist); TII/Imladris (Imladris); WRI/Imladrist (Imladrist); PE22/127 (Imladris)

__Variations__

- Imladris(t) ✧ LRI/Imladris(t)
- Imladris ✧ Ety/RIS²; TII/Imladris; PE22/127 (Imladris)
- Imladrist ✧ PMI/Imladris; TI/124; TI/128; TII/Imladris; WRI/Imladrist; PM/44 (Imladrist)
- Imlad-ril ✧ TI/120
- Imlad-rist ✧ TI/120; TI/146
- Imlad-ris ✧ TI/146
- Imladril ✧ TII/Imladris

__Changes__

- N. Imladrist >> ᴸN. Imladris “Rivendell” ✧ PM/44; PMI/Imladris
- Imlad-ril >> Imlad-rist “Rivendell” ✧ TI/120
- Imlad-rist >> Imlad-ris ✧ TI/146

__Elements__

imlad | “dell, deep vale, glen” | ✧ PE22/127 (im(b)lad) | |

rhis | “ravine” | soft-mutation | ✧ Ety/RIS² |

__Cognates__

- ᴹQ. Arkimbele “Rivendell”
- ᴹQ. Imbeláris “Rivendell” ✧ PE22/127 (Imbeláris)
- ᴹQ. Latimberista “Rivendell” ✧ PE22/127 (Latimberista)