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S. leber n. “finger” (Category: Finger)

S. leber, n. “finger” (Category: Finger)

The Sindarin word for “finger”, derived from primitive ✶leper and based on the root √LEP “pick up” (VT47/10; VT48/5).

Conceptual Development: Tolkien used various Elvish words for “finger” over his life, but most were based on the root √LEP. The Gnomish Grammar and Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s had G. leptha “finger” (GG/13; GL/53), clearly derived from the early root ᴱ√LEPE that was the basis for contemporaneous Qenya finger words (QL/53). In Early Noldorin Word-lists of the 1920s it was ᴱN. lhê “finger”, derived from primitive ᴱ✶lept- (PE13/148). In the The Etymologies of the 1930s it was N. lhebed “finger” based on the root ᴹ√LEPET of the same meaning (Ety/LEP). In drafts of the 1968 notes mentioned above, Tolkien had S. lebed “finger” (VT47/27), but this was replaced by leber in the finished versions (VT47/23-24 note #30).

References ✧ VT47/10, 23-24; VT48/5

Glosses

Variations

Related

Inflections

lebid plural ✧ VT47/23
lebir plural ✧ VT47/10; VT47/24; VT48/5

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

leper- > leber [lepero] > [leper] > [leber] ✧ VT47/10
leper- > lebir [leperī] > [leperi] > [lepiri] > [lepir] > [lebir] ✧ VT47/10
leper- > leber [lepero] > [leper] > [leber] ✧ VT47/24
leperī > lebir [leperī] > [leperi] > [lepiri] > [lepir] > [lebir] ✧ VT47/24
leper > leber [lepero] > [leper] > [leber] ✧ VT48/5
leperī > lebir [leperi] > [leperi] > [lepiri] > [lepir] > [lebir] ✧ VT48/5

N. lhebed n. “finger” (Category: Finger)

See S. leber for discussion.

Reference ✧ Ety/LEP ✧ “finger”

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√LEPET > lhebed [lepete] > [lepet] > [l̥epet] > [l̥ebet] > [l̥ebed] ✧ Ety/LEP

ᴱN. lhê n. “finger” (Category: Finger)

See S. leber for discussion.

References ✧ PE13/148

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

lhaith plural ✧ PE13/148

Derivations


G. leptha n. “finger” (Category: Finger)

See S. leber for discussion.

References ✧ GG/13; GL/53

Glosses

Variations

Related

Inflections

lepthar dative; declension-B ✧ GG/13
lepthair dative plural; declension-B ✧ GG/13
lepthathir dative plural; declension-B ✧ GG/13
lepthon genitive; declension-B ✧ GG/13
lepthaion genitive plural; declension-B ✧ GG/13
lepthath genitive plural; declension-B ✧ GG/13
lepthathon genitive plural; declension-B ✧ GG/13
lepthain plural; declension-B ✧ GG/13
lepthin plural ✧ GL/53
lepthos plural; dialectical ✧ GG/13

Element In

Derivations