S. #cuina- v. “to be alive” (Category: to Live; Living; Life)
A verb for “to be alive” appearing as a soft-mutated plural in the phrase Dor Firn-i-Guinar (S/188) and as a nasal-mutated plural in Dor Gyrth i Chuinar (nasal-mutation) (Let/417), both meaning “Land of the Dead that Live”. Its Noldorin infinitive form cuino “to be alive” appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s under the root ᴹ√KUY “come to life, awake” (Ety/KUY).
Conceptual Development: The Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s had G. cuitha- “am alive, live” (GL/27).
References ✧ Let/417; S/188
|chuinar||nasal-mutation present plural; c-mutation||“Live”||✧ Let/417: [the preceding i must be elided from in]|
|Guinar||soft-mutation present plural; c-mutation||“live”||✧ S/188|
References ✧ Ety/KUY
|cuino||infinitive||“to be alive”||✧ Ety/KUY|
|Guinar||soft-mutation present plural; c-mutation||“live”||✧ Ety/KUY|
|ᴹ√KUY > cuino||[kujna-] > [kuina-]||✧ Ety/KUY|
References ✧ GL/27
|#-tha¹||“verb suffix”||✧ GL/27 (#-tha)|